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State Nuclear Subsidies Not Needed - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Since 2010, several nuclear plants around the country have closed and economic conditions, particularly low natural gas prices, are often cited as a factor. Now the nuclear industry is seeking government assistance to stay afloat, but state lawmakers should be skeptical.

Improve Government Data To Increase Transparency - James Madison Institute
By Adam A. Millsap and Austin Eovito
Florida’s state and local governments are required to record and publish important financial data and the Florida Sunshine Law guarantees citizens have access to these data. Unfortunately, the data are not always easy to use, but a 2018 state law will improve government transparency as long as it can get through the state bureaucracy.

State Pensions Plans Are In Bad Shape But Reforms Can Help - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
A new report from the American Legislative Exchange Council examines state pension systems from a variety of angles and finds that the view is always the same—looking over a cliff. Fortunately, there are some reforms that can help.

How Political Capitalism Helps Explain Zoning - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Despite rampant criticism, restrictive zoning persists. A new book that analyzes collusion between the economic and political elite helps explain why.

City must decide quickly about broadband to prevent decline in existing providers - Tallahassee Democrat
By Mark Isaac
Tallahassee has 16 broadband providers, but that hasn’t stopped the city from contemplating adding one more — a city-owned provider. A city-owned provider may be the way to go, but dragging out the discussion could be degrading the broadband service we already have.

Capitalists, not socialists, pose the greatest threat to capitalism - The Hill
By Randall G. Holcombe
While socialists float aspirational ideas for a better society, capitalists conspire with the political class to enact policies that benefit the political and economic elite at the expense of the masses.

Blockchain Technology May Drastically Change How We Invest - The James Madison Institute
By Adam A. Millsap
Blockchain technology has great potential for reshaping the way we invest and save for the future. As digital currencies and blockchain technology evolve, it’s important that we don’t squash this potential with heavy-handed regulation that prevents life-enhancing innovations.

What To Do About Child Care? - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
To the extent a government subsidy is needed for child care it should be in the form of a tax credit. This gives families the freedom to choose the child care that’s best for them while encouraging efficiency and innovation.

Lessons From Amazon's Decision To Cancel New York City Headquarters - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Amazon recently abandoned plans to build half of its “HQ2” in New York City. This episode highlights why tax breaks to specific companies are a bad idea and why firms should consider local public policy in location decisions.

Green New Deal's Plan For Planes, Trains, And Automobiles Won't Work - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Green New Deal supporters may like public transit, but many of America’s cities are not set up for it—especially rail—on a grand scale. Smaller local initiatives are a better way to decrease driving and reduce carbon emissions.

Crony Capitalism Rears Its Ugly Head In Debate Over Nuclear, Coal Subsidies - Townhall
By Adam A. Millsap
If the way government interacts with business doesn’t change, it’s hard to imagine America remaining a shining example of free enterprise.

How Blockchain Technology Can Improve America's Infrastructure - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Infrastructure is important for economic growth, but America’s process for funding and building it is subpar. Blockchain won’t solve all the problems, but it has the potential to make a big difference.

Florida needs more housing but government often gets in the way - Tallahassee Democrat
By Vittorio Nastasi & Adam A. Millsap
Land-use regulations, cumbersome impact fee schedules, and permitting delays have contributed to the insufficient growth of the housing stock in Florida in recent years.

Regulations Make Florida's Housing More Expensive - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Florida is currently the third-largest state in the country and is growing rapidly. Unfortunately, housing prices are also rising rapidly due to land-use regulations, complicated impact fees, and permitting delays. For Florida to remain affordable, local governments must make some policy changes.

Bailing Out Coal and Nuclear Plants Is Misguided - Power Magazine
By Adam A. Millsap
The Trump administration wants to use taxpayer money to save coal and nuclear power plants under the guise of national security. National security is important, but the administration’s plan will harm the economy and won’t make us safer.

Building Permit Quotas Like Mount Pleasant's Make Housing Problems Worse - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Fast-growing communities like Mount Pleasant often use regulation or permitting to limit population growth. But to have more inclusive communities and a stronger economy we need more housing in the most attractive areas, not less.

City Governments Should Focus On Opportunity, Not Income Inequality - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Cities aren’t very good at reducing income inequality via redistribution but they are great at giving people opportunities to improve their lives, and that’s what city governments should focus on.

Why General Motors Is Leaving Lordstown And What's Next - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
General Motors recently announced that it plans to halt production at three of its plants next year, including one in Lordstown, Ohio. Despite the area’s specialization in manufacturing, the decision to close the plant seems obvious once the facts are laid out.

This Thanksgiving, Talk To Your Family About Zoning - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
In these polarized times, zoning reform can bring us together. So, whether it’s pre-meal, post-meal, during the meal, or at halftime, talk to you friends and family about zoning this Thanksgiving.

Florida's Future Is Bright Even Without Amazon - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Florida’s lone finalist, Miami, didn’t make the cut for Amazon’s HQ2 but missing out is not all bad news. Tax handouts to individual firms aren’t a recipe for long-run economic success and both Miami and Florida will ultimately have stronger economies as a result of using tax dollars more wisely.

New York's Smaller Counties Getting Left Behind - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
New York is often viewed as having a relatively strong economy, but the state’s success is largely due to New York City. State lawmakers should be open to changing course to prevent the state’s smaller counties from falling further behind.

Voters Said No in California, but Other States Have Rent Control Battles Looming - CityLab
By Adam A. Millsap & Nolan Gray
Proposition 10 was rejected in California but rent control is on the agenda in other places across the country. Why? It’s not the affordable housing fix-all people think.

More Legislators With PhDs Might Be A Good Idea - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Many PhD programs teach valuable skills that are useful in the legislative process, such as developing arguments and evaluating evidence.

The Economic Policies Of Florida's Gubernatorial Candidates - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
One of America’s most-watched governor’s races is taking place in Florida. Ron DeSantis’s policies are more favorable to economic growth than Andrew Gillum’s, but Gillum has some good ideas when it comes to criminal justice reform.

The Road To Recovery From Hurricane Michael - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Hurricane Michael made landfall at Mexico Beach, Florida last Wednesday, causing major damage there and to nearby coastal communities. It will take time and resources to fix the damage and recovery efforts that empower local community leaders will be the most effective.

How Universities Can Help Struggling Areas - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Despite robust economic growth at the national level some areas are still struggling. A new study proposes expanding the Manufacturing Extension Partnership in struggling areas to spread cutting edge knowledge that local firms can use to increase economic growth.

It’s Time for Real Occupational Licensing Reform in Florida - The Journal
By Adam A. Millsap
Assistant Director Adam A. Millsap wrote an essay about occupational licensing reform in Florida that was published in the Fall 2018 edition of The Journal, a publication of the James Madison Institue.

How Higher Minimum Wages Impact Employment - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
A study recently published in the American Economic Review provides new evidence that increases in the minimum wage reduce employment in the long run.

City Competition and Economic Growth - FSU's Wicked Problems, Wicked Solutions blog
By Adam A. Millsap
The decline of some cities and growth of others is due to a variety of factors, including government policies, geographic amenities, and climate. Cities that want to attract new residents can’t change their location, but they can alter their policies to better compete with other cities.

Vancouver, Cincinnati Show Cities Can Improve Land-Use Regulations - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Land-use regulations that restrict where and how housing can be built are a big reason why housing is so expensive in many places. Vancouver and Cincinnati recently made positive changes to their zoning rules and parking requirements respectively, and other cities can learn from them.

More Pro Teams Should Move To The Sun Belt - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Many pro sports teams started in the 1960s and 70s, and since then America has undergone significant changes. Southern and western markets like San Diego and Seattle are underutilized compared to Midwestern markets and if current population trends continue it may make sense for some teams to move.

Should Government Help People Or Places? - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
People aren’t moving as much as they used to so some economists think it’s time to start focusing resources on economically distressed areas. But moving to opportunity is still a good idea and we should remove barriers to migration in tandem with any other policies.

New Minimum Wage Plan Still Flawed - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
A new federal minimum wage plan ties an area’s minimum wage to the local cost of living. This plan is better than one nationwide minimum wage, but it still suffers from the same primary problem—it makes it impossible for workers who don’t provide value equivalent to the minimum wage to find a job.

Columbus, Ohio Is Booming But Will It Last? - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Columbus is a rare Midwest success story—strong population growth, rising house prices, and increasing incomes. But migration patterns suggest that the city’s growth will eventually slow down.

Residents Of Tampa Bay Area Should Pass On Subsidizing New Rays Stadium - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
The Tampa Bay Rays want a new ballpark and would like local businesses and taxpayers to pick up part of the bill. But taxpayer subsidies for sports stadiums are generally a bad deal for taxpayers, so Tampa officials and residents should resist the Rays overtures.

The CRA shouldn't fund private businesses at all | Opinion - Tallahassee Democrat
By Adam A. Millsap
A follow-up piece after CRA's decision not to fund local brewery Proof. Tallahassee's Community Redevelopment Agency should not be subsidizing any businesses.

It's Time To Expand Scope Of Practice Laws - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
America is getting old and the trend is not expected to slow down. Eliminating restrictive scope of practice laws for physician assistants and advanced practice registered nurses will increase access to healthcare and help keep costs down even as demand increases due to our aging population.

CRA should not subsidize Proof - Tallahassee Democrat
By Adam A. Millsap
Tallahassee's Community Redevelopment Agency should not be subsidizing businesses.

Florida's Population Is Booming--But Should We Worry About Income Growth? - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Recent census population estimates show that Florida’s population growth is widespread, as cities throughout the state have grown since 2010. Population growth may temper earnings and income growth in Florida, but a stagnant population is a worse alternative.

Southern And Western Cities Continue Their Rapid Growth - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
The U.S. population has been shifting south and west for about 60 years, and new U.S. Census data show that this movement is still going strong.

Is Seattle Doomed? - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
The big news out of Seattle is its new employee tax, which is just the latest example of the city council’s anti-business policies. If things don’t change, these policies may make Seattle’s time as one of America’s “it” cities a short one.

Airbnb May Affect Rents But New York City Study Doesn't Tell Us - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
A new study from the New York City Comptroller’s office claims that Airbnb has contributed to higher rents in the city. However, the study doesn’t establish a causal relationship between more Airbnb units and higher average rents.

Collect Sales Taxes Based On Store's Location, Not Customer's - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
President Trump has been blasting Amazon and other web-retailers for not collecting sales taxes based on the customer’s location. But a less costly, cumbersome, and fair plan is to require both online and physical retailers to collect sales taxes based on the jurisdictions they’re located in.

Occupational Licensing Linked To Less Economic Mobility - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
From 1993 to 2012, states licensed dozens of occupations, including bartenders, funeral attendants, gaming dealers, make-up artists, and locksmiths. A new study finds that the growth in occupational licensing over this period is associated with less economic mobility and greater income inequality.

We Shouldn't Stop Gentrification, But We Can Make It Less Painful - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
The urban revival is contributing to higher real estate prices, making it difficult for many lower-income residents who currently live in downtown neighborhoods to remain in their homes. Cities are trying to slow the transition, but too much interference will stifle growth and make us all worse off.

Big Metro Areas In Florida Keep Getting Bigger - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
The U.S. Census Bureau recently released new county and metro area population estimates for 2017. Two Florida metro areas—Orlando and Tampa—experienced some of the biggest gains in the country, and many of the larger metro areas in Florida are growing faster than the smaller ones.

Higher State And Local Minimum Wages May Be Hurting Teen Employment - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Since 2000, the percentage of teens 16 to 19-years old who are employed has fallen from 46% to around 30%. In a new study, the authors find that a rising minimum wage has contributed to this decline.

Moral Hazard May Be Negating Efforts To Decrease Opioid Overdoses - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
In response to the opioid crisis, many states have expanded access to Naloxone, which is a drug that can reverse an overdose if administered quickly. Contrary to the intent of the laws, new research finds some evidence that more access to Naloxone has increased opioid-related mortality.

When States Should Preempt Local Governments - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
State governments can overrule, or preempt, local government policies, and such actions are hotly debated in states from Florida to California. In cases where local policies implement barriers to entry, price controls, or business practice mandates, states should consider preemption.

Why Supreme Court May Rule Against Unions And What It Means For State And Local Finances - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
The Supreme Court will hear arguments about whether public sector unions can collect fees from workers who opt out of the union. The arguments for mandatory fees are weak, and if the Court rules against unions state and local governments will have an opportunity to get their finances in order.

City Living Is Back, And Immigrants Can Help Struggling Cities Get In On The Action - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
New research shows that the urban revival is real. Downtowns with a variety of consumption options are thriving, and immigrants can help cities achieve the diversity they need to succeed.

Florida's Certificate-Of-Need Laws Should Go - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
State CON laws require hospitals to demonstrate to regulators that a “need” exists before they can expand or offer new services, and this raises costs and decreases access to care. Florida should join the 15 other states that have recognized this and get rid of its CON laws.

Can Dayton get its mojo back? Economist says yes - Dayton Daily News
Hilton Center Assistant Director Adam A. Millsap was interviewed by the Dayton Daily News about his study on the economic history of Dayton, Ohio and Dayton's prospects for the future. The complete study can be found here.

Which Underdog Has The Best Chance Of Getting Amazon's HQ2? - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Amazon released a list of 20 finalists for its new headquarters. It includes Miami, the only Florida city on the list, along with Columbus, Indianapolis, and Pittsburgh. All are longshots, but Columbus has an edge in the Midwest, while Miami’s size and location give it advantages the others lack.

A Dayton For The 21st Century - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
From 1900 to 1950 Dayton was one of the most innovative and successful cities in America. Since then it has fallen on hard times. And while it may never attain its former glory, policies aimed at recapturing the city’s innovative past can help it succeed in the 21st century.

How to Make Florida’s Strong Economy Stronger - Orlando Sentinel
By Adam A. Millsap & James Broughel
As we enter 2018, Florida’s economy is thriving. Unemployment is less than 4 percent, household incomes are rising, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that employment in the state will grow by 11 percent over the next eight years. But there is room for improvement: Florida’s regulatory environment could use some help, and some simple reforms can keep the economy humming.

Florida Remains One Of The Most Economically Free States - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
In the new Economic Freedom of North America report, Florida is tied for number two with Texas, trailing only New Hampshire. Florida’s high level of economic freedom and excellent natural amenities make it a great place for raising a family or starting a business.

Sports Betting Should Be Legal, But It's Bad Tax Policy - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Sports betting could soon be legal throughout the country, but state governments shouldn’t count on it to be a revenue windfall.

How to give effectively this season - Tallahassee Democrat
By Mark Isaac & Joe Stinn
Americans are generous when it comes to private philanthropy--we contributed some $390 billion in 2016. All this giving is great, but it’s for naught if it doesn’t make a real impact. Yet with all the charitable options out there, finding the most effective way to give is a daunting task. Here are some tips from Hilton Center affiliated faculty member Mark Isaac and FSU grad student Joe Stinn.

Cutting SALT Is Good For America's Health - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Eliminating the state and local tax (SALT) deduction simplifies the tax code and helps offset rate cuts that will spur more growth, while also making the tax code more progressive. It’s not a silver bullet, but it’s a step in the right direction.

Local Government Consolidation Is Not A Panacea - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Supporters of consolidation claim that it makes government more efficient and fosters economic growth. Yet contrary to supporters’ claims, there’s little evidence that consolidation is the panacea they envision.

It’s Hard to Know If The Proposed 401(k) Tax Rule Will Hurt or Benefit Savers - FSU's Wicked Problems, Wicked Solutions blog
By Adam A. Millsap
Trump’s tax plan is still taking shape, but one of the ideas floating around is eliminating the 401(k) tax benefit to offset a decrease in tax rates. Many pundits have come out against this idea, arguing that it will hurt the middle class’s ability to save for retirement. But whether that’s true depends on future tax policy.

Florida's Business Climate Can Help Tampa Land Amazon's HQ2 - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Tampa doesn’t have the skilled workforce of tech hubs Boston and San Francisco, but Florida’s favorable tax climate, high level of economic freedom, and good fiscal health give Tampa some advantages that cities in other states don’t have.

Competition Among Governments Is Important For Economic Freedom - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Critics of competition between local governments argue that it wastes resources through the duplication of services and obstructs large projects that cross city borders. But while competition does lead to duplicate services, it also disciplines local governments and helps maintain economic freedom.

Rapid Transit Shouldn't Be A Deal-Breaker For Amazon - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Many observers think Amazon should locate its second headquarters in a city with heavy rail, but in the age of driverless cars, rundown heavy-rail systems are a liability, not an asset.

Price-Gouging Laws -- Not Hurricanes -- Empty Stores' Shelves - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Like many other states, Florida has a price-gouging law that prohibits price increases during emergencies. Though well-intentioned, it does a poor job ensuring that important goods are available where and when people need them.

Strong jobs data usually means high wages — not this time - The Hill
By Adam A. Millsap
Friday’s September jobs report shows that the country’s labor market had another strong month. Total nonfarm employment increased by 156,000 jobs, and the unemployment rate remained low at 4.4 percent. Some of the biggest jobs gains occurred in manufacturing, construction and health care. This is certainly good news, but we may not see a corresponding bump in wage growth until we tackle our productivity problem.

Solar Panel Mandate Will Make Miami's Housing Less Affordable - Forbes
By Adam A. Millsap
Building mandates that prioritize the environment over affordability make it harder for lower-income people to find reasonably priced housing.

All views expressed are the authors' views only and should not be construed as an official position of the Hilton Center, Florida State University, or any other third party.